1. Playing large groups of adjacent notes on the piano in a percussive manner creates a sound called
A. aleatory. B. gamelan. C. chordophone. D. tone cluster.
2. John Cage became interested in chance music after studying
A. baroque opera. B. modern dance. C. early film scores. D. the I Ching.
3. In African cultures, music can be used
A. for all of the above. B. as the vehicle of the sacred word of the deities. C. to lift up prayers to a deity. D. to ensure the delivery of a healthy baby.
4. Steve Reich won a Grammy Award for
A. The Cave. B. Different Trains. C. Drumming. D. City Life
5. The individual rhythms of polyrhythmic music are
A. independent and contrasting. B. created by chance. C. identical. D. played only once.
6. A composer of musique concrète works with
A. random, chance-based composition. B. recorded sounds. C. a synthesized orchestra. D. silence
7. In Indian music, the saman is
A. a melodic pattern linked to the time of day. B. a drone. C. the first beat of a rhythmic cycle D. a rhythmic pattern.
8. Indian rhythmic cycles are called
A. ragas. B. sitars. C. talas. D. erhus.
9. Many Indian talas, or rhythm cycles, use additive meter, which means
A. measures of varying sizes are combined. B. measures increase in size as the piece progresses. C. measures have one beat each. D. there are no measures.
10. A Chinese musician learning an old piece of music via oral tradition will
A. read from ancient notation. B. memorize it by observing an older musician. C. improvise a new ending. D. copy the sheet music.
11. Systematic, or minimalist, music is generally
A. polyphonic. B. tonal. C. in sonata form. D. syncopated
12. Reich’s 1993 work, The Cave, requires
A. eighteen musicians and five video screens. B. audience interaction. C. two days to perform. D. drums, percussion, singers, and dancers.