The narrative title relates to the necklace that triggers the protagonist’s identity shift. The Necklace’s principal message is that relinquishing the chase of worldly prosperity may reveal a person’s real nature. Detailed response: Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace is one of his most well-known pieces. He was a short story writer from France who advocated for realism in writing. Naturalism is a literary school that stresses the unintentional causes of occurrences that affect human pleasure or misery. Social or economic forces, as well as the surroundings, have a significant influence on characters and help to shape an ardent story. In 1884, the tale was published in the French journal Le Gaulois, and its author garnered public notice and admiration. The story revealed that moral or immoral action is the result of human impulses and understanding, not destiny. Mathilde Loisel is the main character of The Necklace. She is a poor lady whose husband is a low-ranking officer in the Ministry of Education. Despite her present social standing, the lady aspires to become a wealthy member of high society.
Madame Loisel values material riches above human qualities, and she despises her humble surroundings and ill-dressed neighbors. At first, Mathilde is selfish, indulgent, and insensitive to the emotions or difficulties of others. The protagonist is unaware of her flaws until an incident affects the path of the tale. This marks the beginning of Mathilde’s personality transformation. The invitation to the Minister’s party is the beginning point. Madame Forestier, the protagonist’s old acquaintance, offers to give her a magnificent piece of jewelry. The pricey necklace gives the impression of confidence, enthusiasm, and achievement. Mathilde had a good time at the formal event, dancing and talking with the rich visitors. Her joy was short-lived since the treasure vanished during the festivities. In an effort to discover a solution, the protagonist purchases a new necklace. Madame Loisel requests that her husband spend the wealth he inherited upon his father’s death. She informs him that they would borrow the remaining funds. The costly purchase results in debt. The family is now in a tough financial condition. Mathilde must adjust to her difficult living circumstances and tough surroundings.
Ten years of debt had a significant impact on the character’s lifestyle. She learns how to be a decent housewife, capable of cooking and caring for the home. Her increased job and social standing aided her in being humble and modest. The terrible occurrence taught the lady a valuable life lesson. The main character meets Madame Forestier in the closing scene. She sobs as she tells the tale of the lost jewelry, blaming her companion for the result. Madame Forestier admits that the costly-looking jewelry was a forgery. This is the moment Loisel learns her chase of jewels and luxury was a mirage. The moral of the narrative is that money and luxury cannot buy happiness. A simple and modest existence, on the other hand, may reveal one’s excellent features.