Guy de Maupassant’s short novel The Necklace addresses a variety of subjects. Reality and illusion, women and beauty, greed, sacrifice, and happiness are among them. Detailed response: The literary piece’s core theme is reality vs. delusion. Mathilde, the story’s main heroine, steals a diamond necklace. This represents her riches, attractiveness, and social standing. She chooses to go into debt to replace the jewelry once she loses it. Mathilde takes 10 years to pay off the loan, and she absolutely destroys her life in the process. At the conclusion of the tale, it is clear that the necklace is a forgery. Mathilde’s personality is shown through the jewelry. In front of others, she appears to be affluent, happy, and successful. In actuality, she is a middle-class lady who is quite dissatisfied with her life. Mathilde is a jealous person who refuses to develop herself. She would rather conceal her true identity. The short tale also has a topic of riches vs. happiness. Guy de Maupassant proves that these two situations are unrelated. In the story, Mathilde is certain that if she gets rich, she will be genuinely happy. Instead, she spends her life purchasing new jewelry, making her life even more unhappy. The author tries to show that happiness may be obtained in a variety of ways. De Maupassant also addresses the subject of women and beauty. The primary notion is that there is a widespread misconception that beauty can benefit women and assist them in achieving happiness. Mathilde feels the same thing: she is gorgeous; thus, she is readily welcomed in high society. Nonetheless, the author demonstrates that Mathilde’s attractiveness does not provide her with greater social status. Her looks simply give her the impression that she is a certain individual.